Burrowing Owl

Athene cuniculara

Least Concern

Range & Habitat
Burrowing Owls are found in semi-desert, grassland without trees in Southwest Canada, Western USA and Florida, Central and South America.

General Description
The Burrowing Owl is a small ground-living owl with a short tail and long legs. It usually hunts in the evening, but is often seen during the day standing at the burrow entrance. A Burrowing Owl often lives in abandoned burrows of prairie dogs and other mammals and usually adapts the burrow to its needs by digging with its feet to enlarge the hole and make the nesting chamber. In a complex of burrows, such as those left by prairie dogs, a number of owls may take over and form a colony. The owls do not share burrows with prairie dogs.

Reproduction & Growth
Burrowing Owls nest from March to July. The female lays 6-11 eggs in a chamber at the end of the burrow. Both parents incubate the eggs for about 28 days. Northern populations migrate south in winter. As adults the burrowing owl only reaches 9-11 inches and lives up to 20 years.

Diet: Carnivore
In the Wild: Small rodents, birds, frogs, reptiles and insects. They often follow animals, such as horses, perhaps to catch prey that they disturb. In the Zoo: small rodents.

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