Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin

Leontopithecus chrysomelas


Range & Habitat
Golden-headed lion tamarins are found only in the forests of Brazil.

General Description
The physical appearance of golden-headed lion tamarins are similar to other species of tamarins. It has relatively large canines with a small head and body.mIt is mostly black with a thick, long, golden mane. Males and females are quite similar in appearance.

Golden-headed lion tamarins are diurnal and spend most of their time in tropical forests at heights of three to ten meters. They do not even come down to sleep at night. They sleep in tree holes, vines, or epiphytes. Also, they live in family groups of two to eight individuals, with an average size of three to four individuals, however they may form temporary associations of 15 to 16. Adults of the same sex are very aggressive toward one another for territorial defense purposes. Vocalizations among golden-headed lion tamarins are based on activity and behavior. Trills are used when activity is solitary. Clucks can be heard while an animal is foraging. Long calls indicate vigilance.

In tamarin society, males and females mate for life and take equal part in raising their young. They are seasonal breeders. Breeding occurs mostly during the warm and wet season, September through March.

Diet: Omnivore
In the Wild: Golden-headed lion tamarins are primarily insectivorous. However, they have been known to eat invertebrates such as spiders and snails. There are also records of this species eating lizards, bird eggs, and even small birds. In the Zoo: Fruits, vegetables, monkey biscuits, meal worms and marmoset diet

IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. 2009, December.
Lundrigan, B. and K. Kapheim. 2000. "Leontopithecus chrysomelas" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 08, 2009.

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